Apple Touts Health Initiatives in Newly Unveiled Apple Watch, iPhone
Apple Watch Details
The Apple Watch is expected to launch in early 2015 at a starting price of $349 (Comstock, MobiHealthNews, 9/9). It will require users to use iPhone as its wireless foundation (Brino, Government Health IT, 9/9).
At its launch, the device will use a built-in application suite consisting of two apps:
- An Activity app that tracks day-to-day exercise activity, movement and minutes standing per day; and
- A Workout app that allows users to set a goal based on calories, distance, heart rate or time.
In addition, a companion Fitness app on users' iPhones will aggregate data from both the Activity and Workout apps and share that data with Apple's cloud-based health information platform HealthKit, which was announced earlier this year.
In addition, the Apple Watch will have the ability to:
- Use a built-in accelerometer to track people's movements;
- Monitor heart rates through optical sensors located in the back of the watch; and
- Use data from GPS and WiFi on users' iPhones to collect additional information.
Jay Blahnik, Apple's director of Health, Fitness Technologies, said, "Over time, Apple Watch actually gets to know you the way a good personal trainer would. It is designed to deliver intelligent reminders to keep you motivated and on track. It can suggest goals that are personal, realistic and most important, achievable, which gives you a far better chance of succeeding" (MobiHealthNews, 9/9).
Meanwhile, Michael Mytych, a principal at Health Information Consulting, said the Apple Watch has the potential to significantly improve medication adherence by tracking when medications are supposed to be taken and sending reminders to users.
However, he raised concerns about the device's battery life being able to support health care tasks (Goedert, Health Data Management, 9/10).
iPhone 6's Health Features
Apple also announced some new health-related features that will be included with its iPhone 6.
Specifically, Apple said that the phone will come with an M8 chip that will use a built-in barometer to estimate altitude changes to deduce the number of steps a user climbs.
In addition, the phone could have some effects on telemedicine efforts, according to MobiHealthNews. For example, the new iPhone will have:
- An updated camera that could make photographing wounds and blemishes easier; and
- An updated FaceTime app that supports a front-facing HD camera, which could improve video visits with providers (MobiHealthNews, 9/9).
Possible Mayo Clinic Partnership
According to reports, the Mayo Clinic might endorse Apple Watch as a tool to help patients improve and maintain their health, Healthcare IT News reports.
Reports noted that Mayor Clinic representatives were scheduled to be present at the announcement, but they did not make an appearance during the meeting (Healthcare IT News, 9/9).
According to Modern Healthcare, the Mayo Clinic already has a patient app available through the iTunes app store.
John Wald, the clinic's medical director for public affairs, said, "We will see what the [Apple Watch] brings from the remote-monitoring perspective. I think the [Apple Watch] is one tool to begin to remotely monitor these patients" (Tahir, Modern Healthcare, 9/8).
Meanwhile, some privacy experts have expressed concerns over how Apple will keep user data safe as it moves toward collected health data.
For example, experts have asked:
- If users will be able to see how their data are being used;
- Whether Apple with comply with HIPAA;
- How Apple will handle and report data breaches; and
- How Apple will address apps from developers that sell data to third parties.
While Apples has not specifically addressed privacy and security concerns, it has taken some steps to ensure users' privacy (Dwoskin/Beck, "Digits," Wall Street Journal, 9/9). For example, Apple has changed its iOS developer license agreement to prohibit developers from selling health information collected through HealthKit "to advertising platforms, data brokers or information resellers." In addition, the agreement states that developers are not permitted to use the HealthKit app or data collected from it "for any purpose other than providing health and/or fitness services" (iHealthBeat, 9/3).
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